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Lethal levels of marine biotoxins lead to large closures in North Puget Sound

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A second bloom has recently been detected in Discovery Bay in Clallam and Jefferson counties, also prompting a shellfish harvest closure. Toxin levels in Discovery Bay aren’t as high as those found in north Puget Sound, but should also be taken seriously.

Warning signs have been posted at popular shellfish beaches warning people not to harvest from the closed areas. The closure includes clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, geoduck, and other mollusks. Anyone who’s recently harvested shellfish from these areas should not eat them, and throw them out. Crab isn’t included in the closure, but “crab butter” should be discarded. Only the crab meat should be eaten. Commercially harvested shellfish currently on the market have been thoroughly tested and are okay to eat.

Eating shellfish contaminated with biotoxins can make people sick. Marine biotoxins aren’t destroyed by cooking or freezing and can be life threatening. Symptoms can appear within minutes or hours of eating contaminated shellfish. They usually begin with tingling lips and tongue, moving to the hands and feet, followed by difficulty breathing, and possibly death. Anyone with these symptoms should get medical help right away.

The toxin is produced by naturally occurring algae that tend to be more common during the warmer months of the year. In most cases the algae that contain the toxins can’t be seen, and must be detected through lab testing. Recreational shellfish harvesters are advised to check the Department of Health marine biotoxin Web site (www.doh.wa.gov/ehp/sf/biotoxin.htm) or call the agency biotoxin hotline, 1-800-562-5632, before harvesting shellfish anywhere in the state.

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